The struggle to control prices has led to finger-pointing at the United States, economists say.
Power curbs lead to diesel shortages as businesses rely on generators to avoid shutdowns.
China's fuel subsidies contribute to world climate woes, energy analysis says.
By halting exports to Japan of the high-tech materials, China may have shot itself in the foot.
Amid a last-minute drive to fulfill its five-year energy plan, Beijing is debating new targets for 2020.